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Mycelium material research

Thanks to the appearance of biodesign, many innovative raw materials are now being incorporated into various segments of design. The materials that can be grown deserve special attention. These are living organisms that organize themselves into design-relevant material characters.

One of the main groups of cultivable materials is provided by fungal mycelium-based materials. Mycelium is the vegetative structure of fungi that can take on a number of qualities depending on the particular growth medium and post-treatment. Due to their stable properties, these materials have many potentials. There is a lot of material research on the subject within biodesign. As this is a relatively new area, the primary task of researchers and designers is to map the field, create the right framework and define the segment. 

In my material research processes, I mostly deal with this. Working with the living material, focusing primarily on the widest possible mapping of the process, I try to get to know as many characters of the material that can be grown from mycelium as possible. The main focus of my research is sustainable structure fabricating, including the growth and investigation of mycelium composites. In the resulting materials, the mycelium is the binder, which interweaves the particular high-cellulosic agricultural or textile waste to form a composite with stable properties. Whenever possible, I try to use materials that are considered primary waste when setting up the medium. Thanks to this, I also strengthen the approach to cyclical design with my experiments. Depending on the post-treatment, the resulting materials can take on a number of characters, from concrete to styrofoam. In addition, they are completely water and fire resistant, which opens up many applications in the field of interior design.

Dóri Márföldi
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